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My first trip to Shanghai was in the summer of 2006 as part of a joint collaboration between my sending University, London Metropolitan University and my current hosts Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SHUTCM); forming a key part of my PhD studies. I had fond memories of that trip, although it was a relatively short stay lasting only 6 weeks. The city, its people and the whole cultural experience left a lasting impression on me and I’d hoped to return one day in the future. To my surprise, towards the end of my studies in the winter of 2009, the EU-China Science and Technology Fellowship 2nd intake (STF 2) presented itself and I decided to “toss my hat into the ring”. I had hoped to be selected as a EU fellow but anticipated tough competition, so considered myself fortunate when I made it through.

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 Around 2 years have passed since then and although the STF 2 programme has come to its finale, my research life here in Shanghai will continue on for a further 12 months to complete my postdoctoral placement. As a foreigner, working in the field of traditional Chinese herbal medicine (TCM), in China, can be quite challenging at times. Compared to my Chinese colleagues I soon realized that whatever I thought I knew on the topic was miniscule in depth and superficial in understanding. Numerous TCM herbs or formulae that I am experiencing for the first time just seem like a general working knowledge base to many of my native co-workers. Even popular well known Chinese herbal ingredients can seem quite exotic. If we take for example Ganoderma lucidum (língzhī 灵芝 in Chinese), a fungus type organism that looks a bit like a large, shiny, red/orange mushroom. It has been used for medical purposes for more than 2000 years, fabled as the “mushroom of immortality; the elixir of life”, “a fungus of spiritual potency” or simply, a “magic fungus”. I personally had never heard of it, but if you ask many in my field they can probably quote it like I can quote the phonetic alphabet, amongst many other random general knowledge trivia! Published reports claim ‘Lingzhi’’ has been used for the treatment of migraine, hypertension, arthritis, bronchitis, asthma, anorexia, gastritis, haemorrhoids, diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, nephritis, dysmenorrhoea, constipation, lupus erythematosis, hepatitis, and cardiovascular problems. It has also been claimed to possess (a) anti-cancer (including leukaemia), (b) anti-ageing and (c) anti-microbial/viral activities including anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); (Paterson 2006). Come to think of it, logic suggests “língzhī” might be confused as a type of ‘magic mushroom’, but since it does not possess any hallucinogenic properties I will stick to my original belief about it being new to me. However, not all herbs have escaped my seemingly limited intellect with the most celebrated of all TCM documented as the roots and rhizome of Ginseng (rénshēn 人参 in Chinese). I can only assume everyone on the entire planet has at least heard of this Chinese medicine, whilst in my experience, all others are tiny drops in a vast ocean waiting to be discovered by someone like myself.

My hosts’ being a TCM University specialize in a broad range of areas from basic principles, clinical applications, the rehabilitation of patients as well as the analysis of herbal medicines. These broad categories can be subdivided into over 300 principal groups of TCM including: basic theories of Chinese medicine, diagnostics of Chinese medicines, anatomy, pathology, pharmaceutical botany, pharmacology of traditional Chinese medical formulae, microbiology, the science of acupuncture, and moxibustion being amongst some of the most important. The University has affiliations with 15 medical centers/ organizations including affiliated hospitals, research institutes, other municipal hospitals and hospitals with special departments.

I am based at the Institute of Chinese Materia Medica under the directorship of Prof. Zheng-Tao Wang, whose group mainly concentrates on the pharmacology, pharmacy, pharmaceutical analysis, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacognosy and biotechnology of TCM. My work primarily focuses on developing new technologies that can be used in the ongoing analysis of Chinese herbs and herbal formulations using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) as the primary analytical tool. This involves an assessment into TCM herbal quality whether they are the crude drug, decoction pieces or patent medicine preparations. Quality can be expressed as the qualitative and quantitative analysis of single indexed components (e.g. what’s inside and how much is present) but analyzing single indexed components cannot fully reflect the inner quality of TCM, since thousands of components can exist within a single crude drug. Nonetheless the challenge remains trying to improve on the current analytical techniques available in the analysis of crude drugs, decoction pieces or patent medicine preparations, which can only assist in improving on herbal medicine safety.

Being the first foreign postdoctoral researcher in not only Prof. Wang research group but also the entire university has filled me with a great sense of pride and I feel fully integrated within the group.  A reasonable proportion of the staff and mainly the students can speak a good level of English, but the real fun comes from sometimes having to improvise when there is a lack of words to fully communicate. Literature searches also can be tricky, since the potential to replicate somebody else’s work is plausible (owing to many articles already being published in Chinese) and at times the help of my colleagues and my student has been invaluable for the numerous challenges of a researcher. On a professional level I feel I have already learned a great deal in China and I believe my work is progressing in a forward direction. On a personal note, although this great Chinese adventure may be finishing for many of the STF fellows (as some depart from China in the coming weeks or months), I personally will take pride in meeting and knowing each and every one of you… (Not forgetting the STF office). It’s been a fantastic experience and one I personally won’t be forgetting in a hurry…  

Reference: Paterson, R. R. M. (2006). "Ganoderma – A therapeutic fungal biofactory." Phytochemistry 67(18): 1985-2001

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Topic:            Egyptian Islamists’ Foreign Policy Toward China

Speaker:       Prof. WANG Suolao 王锁劳, Peking University 

Short Bio: Associate Professor at the School of International Studies at Peking University. Professor Wang is an expert in Middle Eastern Studies, notably Egypt, Islam, and the modern relationships between China and the Middle East/Africa. With a BA in History from Northwestern University and an MA in Afro-Asian History from Peking University, he completed his PhD dissertation in International Politics in 2000. Extended research stays at Cairo University, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, etc.

Speech: Being fluent in both English and Arabic Professor Wang held a very up to date and informative talk with interesting anecdotes from his personal experiences and research on Egyptian Islamists foreign policy towards China. He started off with embedding his main argument in latest analysis on the upcoming Egyptian Presidential elections. He presented the the candidates on the ballot with emphasis on the 6 candidates with high chances. The biggest trade-off therein is that experienced candidates have the disadvantage of being linked to the former regime whilst genuinely new candidates, many of them representing Islamic political groupings, do not have experience in running the country. Prof. Wang sees the rise of Islamic political groupings as a general trend in the region and of the Arab Spring. “North Africa is becoming green again”.

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This can be seen as a factor of uncertainty for the Chinese leadership as it has no experience in conducting politics or business with the new potential Islamic leaders. Prof. Wang then went on to distinguish the two main groups of Islamic political groupings, notably the Muslim Brotherhood and the even more conservative Salafists, presenting their background, organizational structure, etc. In terms of foreign policy both groups plan to focus on the “Three Rings” of countries with African, Arab and Islamic background, reduce the dependence on the US and to hold a referendum on the future of the domestically disputed Egyptian-Israeli Peace Accord (1979). Both groups have almost similar foreign policy schemes, with the Salafists entertaining a special focus on the Nile river basin countries.

Notably the Muslim Brotherhood has great interest in good relations with China. They show interest in learning from Chinas experiences in rapid development and in diversifying African development dependence on Western countries. Trade is certainly a central motive as well. Reviving the Egyptian tourist industry after the Revolution by attracting Chinese tourists to Egypt to make up of for the losses in Western tourists who avoided the country after the tumultuous change of power in early 2011 is another. China and Egypt, both civilizations with very long histories, share dissatisfaction about US-American “hegemony”. However, different views in the area of human rights may cause tensions between the potential new Egyptian leadership and the PRC. Especially the natural sympathies young Egyptians have for the repressed Uighur minority that are fellow Muslim “brothers” may prove to be a stumbling bloc for the good ties of Egypt with China.

The QnA round was vivid with questions such as establishing a democratic system with an Islamic leadership and Chinese interests in Egypt. Prof. Wang considers that chances are high that Egypt can be a case of reconciling a democratic political system with Islamic values, similar to the Turkish model. After all, the success of Islamists will boil down to bread and butter issues. If an Islamic Egyptian government cannot deliver an appropriate level of economic success and welfare for Egyptians, they might soon be outvoted of power. Socialist Revolution of Nasser and the now defunct Capitalist approach of Mubarak are examples. The high birthrate of Egypt that is relatively higher than the growth in GDP results in unemployment among young people, the driving force for the Arab Spring. This is the most volatile group that the new President of Egypt needs to accommodate.

Prof. Wang managed to engage well in the discussion by clearly answering the questions put forward with references to his recent research interviews in Egypt.

The giveaway of TiC-shirts resulted in about 15 shirts “disseminated” and some funds for the reimbursement of the production cost. 

In good ThinkIn China tradition the debate was continued in a more relaxed atmosphere with some beers, pizza and good music at Enrico’s place. Of the 120-150 people present at the talk, about 40 participated in the party. 

 

The “Understanding Science” lecture series continued on 22 May with a provocatively titled and engaging presentation on “All from Nothing” by Prof. Simon White, director of the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Munich (Germany).  

Simon White took the audience on a journey deeper and deeper into space, which is equivalent to “closer and closer to the creation of the Universe”. His journey started with the structure of the Milky Way and nearby galaxies, which we can study in great detail, although these galaxies are fairly old (up to 10 billion years). Continuing to galaxies farther away, he presented observations which show galaxies to be distributed non-homogeneously: they are grouped in galaxy clusters, cosmic filaments and large volumes which are almost empty (“voids”). But how did this large-scale structure build up? It can only originate from structure being present already earlier! How, then, do we observe this underlying structure which was presumably present when no stars or galaxies had formed yet? Imaging the state of the Universe closest to its creation (the “Big Bang”) is currently only possible by observing the “cosmic microwave background” (CMB). This radiation was released about 400,000 years after the Big Bang, when the first atoms formed (from protons, neutrons and electrons) – the Universe had expanded and its content cooled down sufficiently to allow the formation of stable neutral atoms.

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When neutral atoms had not yet formed, the photons (“particles of light”) were constantly scattered off the existing charged particles and forming atoms immediately dissolved when photons were absorbed. Therefore photons couldn’t escape the hot fireball of matter present after the Big Bang. Pictures of the “first light” (the CMB, observed by satellites such as COBE or WMAP) show large- as well as small-scale structures. These small-scale structures represent sound waves: density waves present in the matter distribution at the time of neutral atom formation. Taking these density wave patterns as input for simulations of the Universe’s evolution yields structures very closely resembling the observed distributions of galaxies today. Hence the current distribution of galaxies (at an age of the Universe of 13.7 billion years) is determined by sound waves from the time the Universe had an age of 400,000 years. 

By Peter Anders

 

 

Following on from the very successful 1st STF Conference held in March 2011, the 2nd STF Conference was held at the Kempinski Hotel in Beijing on Wednesday May 16 2012. The conference was attended by approximately 140 participants, with a good mix of European and Chinese nationalities, including the STF Fellows, Science Counsellors from the EUD and embassies of member states, officials from Chinese government bodies as well as EU academics working in China and Chinese academics with experience of working in Europe.

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 The morning session was devoted to promoting the mobility of European researchers to China. The opening addresses were given by Dr. Phillipe Vialatte, Head of the Science, Technology and Environment Section and Mr. Lei Fengyun, Deputy Director-General of the Department of Educational and Cultural Experts of the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs. 

The morning plenary lecture was given by Prof. Plinio Innocenzi, who is a Full Professor of Materials Science in the University of Sassari in Italy and also Science Counsellor in the Embassy of Italy in Beijing. Not only was he able to comment on the STF Programme as both an active researcher and as someone involved in promoting EU–China links, as he told the audience he had had the privilege of being one of several hundred Fellows on the earlier EU STF Japan Programme (joining the 8th out of 11 intakes). In a very amusing and thought-provoking talk, Prof. Innocenzi talked about the lessons he had learnt as an STF Fellow and described how he had subsequently built on his experience with his STF host institution in Japan, where he is now a visiting professor with a joint lab and where he spends some time working every year.

After a break for coffee and networking, Mr. Jacques de Soyres, coordinator of EURAXESS Links China, elaborated on the challenges and opportunities for mobility of European researchers to China and gave an overview of the services EURAXESS Links provides to promote links between EU and China researchers.

The final phase of the morning session consisted of presentations from two of the Fellows. Dr. Antonella Forganni, based in the Department of Law in Beijing Normal University, reviewed her work on International Law related to anti-dumping and Dr. Filippo Bedani, gave an overview of his research on the use of chromatographic techniques carried out in the Chinese Academy of Sciences Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics. Before this however, Filippo used very fluent Chinese to introduce himself and his academic career to date and describe his life in China. This was an impressive achievement, given that he was a complete beginner at the start of the STF Chinese language programme.

The lunch break provided an opportunity for participants to view the posters describing the research accomplishments of the STF2 Fellows. To encourage them to do this, participants were given a list of posters and invited to choose their three favorite posters and the conference speakers also judged each of the posters. A number of posters describing other EU-funded projects in China were also on display, to highlight the range of EU-funded activities in China to the Chinese participants, in particular.

The afternoon session was mainly devoted to promoting the mobility of Chinese researchers to Europe. The plenary lecture was given by Dr. Na Jie, Principal Investigator and Associate Professor of the Center for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine in Tsinghua University. She described how after completing her PhD in the US, many of her Chinese colleagues were surprised when she moved to Europe for postdoctoral research and stressed that this shows that the EU needs to continue to publicize its achievements and show that it is a worthy alternative to the US as a destination for Chinese researchers wishing to work abroad. She described her work in the Gurdon Institute in Cambridge University in the UK and highlighted the advantages of working in a very multinational institution where the group leaders and researchers come from all over the world.

For the subsequent roundtable discussions, the participants were divided into two groups of lab-based and non-lab-based researchers. The discussion of lab-based researchers was facilitated by Dr. Sam Linsen of the Chinese Academy of Sciences–Max Planck Society Partner Institute for Computational Biology in Shanghai, and the discussion of non-lab-based researchers was facilitated by Dr. Enrico Fardella of the Department of History in Peking University.

After the roundtable discussions the participants rejoined together to hear a presentation from Ms. Jessica Mitchell of the EU Delegation’s Science and Technology Section who described the various EU schemes to promote researcher mobility, in particular the current Marie Curie Actions and the future Horizon 2020 Programme.

Before the closing session, Mr. Lars Andersen, Deputy Team Leader of the EU–China River Basin Management Programme, another EU project in an area of strategic importance to both the EU and China, provided a useful overview of the China Europe Water Platform which offers a new platform for dialogue, joint research and private sector cooperation on better management of water resources .

At the end of the afternoon session, the two facilitators of the roundtable discussion and the two plenary speakers made their closing comments and remarks, bringing the formal conference to a close.  

The conference participants were joined at the official Closing Ceremony of the STF Programme by another ~15 senior guests including H.E. Markus Ederer (photo right, right 1), Ambassador of the European Union and Madam Zhang Xiuqin(photo left, left 3rd), Director-General of the Department of International Cooperation and Exchanges in the Ministry of Education (MoE). The ceremony was chaired by Ms. Alexandra Lehmann, Attaché at the EU Delegation. Ambassador Ederer reviewed the strategic cooperation between the EU and China and highlighted the benefits to both sides. He congratulated the STF Fellows for having the foresight to join such a pioneering programme. He was also pleased to hear that several of the Fellows had received research funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China during their time on the STF Programme. He thanked the Fellows for being very effective “ambassadors” for Europe during their time in China, and hoped that when they returned to Europe they would act as “interpreters” by helping Europe in general, and European researchers in particular, to understand China better.

The Lead Expert of the Programme, Mr. Clemens Smolders, provided a review of the four years of the STF from its beginning with only one member of staff and no office, through the selection and of two intakes of Fellows up to the conference marking the end of the Programme today. He thanked all of the STF office staff as well as staff in the EU Delegation for their help and unfailing support throughout the past four years. 

The poster prizes were presented to the winning Fellows by Mr. Johan Cauwenbergh, Minister Counsellor and Head of Operations at the EU Delegation:

First Prize:

Dr. Benjamin Guinot (Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Earth Environment, Xi’an): “Air Pollution and Health: Characterizing Schoolchildren Exposure to Fine and Ultrafine Aerosols”

Second Prizes: 

1).Dr. Antonella Forganni (School of Law, Beijing Normal University): “The EU–China Relationship in the Last Decade—A Legal Analysis”

2).Dr. Artur Loza (Institute of Image Processing and Pattern recognition, Shanghai Jiaotong University): “Video tracking and Image Enhancement for Surveillance and Monitoring”. 

A group of Fellows then presented an amusing performance recollecting some of the highlights of the language and intercultural training and their time in China. The affection they feel for China and their Chinese hosts and friends was clearly apparent in the performance. 

Finally Alexandra Lehmann invited all of the Fellows to join her on the stage to warm applause from the participants. The event concluded with a networking dinner.

EDITION 2012 BEIJING SUMMER SCHOOL

Queries can be addressed to : summerlawinstitutesuzhou@unimi.it

Summer Institute on Climate Change and Environmental Protection (SICCEP) and Summer Institute on Intellectual Property Rights and China (IP-China) coordinated by the Chair of Chinese Law withing the Department of Law atUnivesity of Turin and to be held for four weeks at Peking University, School of Government in Beijing from the 7th July to the 4th August 2012 (SICCEP and IP-China) or from the 21st July to the 18th August (IP-China and SICCEP).

The first curriculum is called “Summer Institute on Climate Change and Environmental Protection” (SICCEP) or more precisely Law, Policy, Economics and Technology on Climate Change and Environmental issues: European and Chinese Perspectives. It addresses issues such as energy policies, environment law and sustainable development, intellectual property and technology innovation. The second curriculum is called “Summer Institute on Intellectual Property Rights and China” (IP-China). The participants will decide to enroll in all the scheduled courses and seminars will receive the certificates for both curricula. It is an innovative program that takes into account the training demands of young professionals on these issues, drawing on relevant curricula received from international organizations and the private sector representatives. 

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The summer program has also a third and fourth term but just with one curriculum and two week programfrom the 21st July to the 4th August (IP-China) and from the 4th to the 18th August 2012 (SICCEP). The third and fourth terms are mostly addressed to professionals who can not invest more than two weeks in China. By the way, for having a deeper understanding of such a country like China one month is the length more commonly suggested. The professionals who attend one curriculum during the edition 2012 will have special access to the second curriculum on the following edition 2013. 

Both the curricula have been approved by the Italian National Bar Association(Rome) with 24 credits valid for lawyers and practicing lawyers.

This program is multidisciplinary and is aimed at students, young graduates and senior professionals with a background in law, political sciences, international relations, philosophy, economics, environmental sciences, engineering and any other relevant discipline that can be related to the topics of the program. This program is organized in partnership with the Chair of International Trade Law within the Department of Public, Civil Procedure, International and European Law at the Faculty of Law of University of Milan, Lund University Faculty of Political Sciences in Sweden, University of Provence Aix Marseille I – CNRS Centre of Comparative Epistemology and Ergology in France

 From the edition 2011, two institutions have been affiliated to the summer program:University of Eastern Piedmont Faculty of Economics in Italy, University of Pavia, Faculty of Law in Italy. From the edition 2012, three other institutions have joined the program: Catholic University of Milan Faculty of Law, University of Insubria (Como) Faculty of Law in Italy and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid in Spain.

The summer course will include the following topics:

1) Introduction to Chinese Law, Institutions & Politics (20h) SICCEP and IP-CHINA

2) Global Environmental Governance (14h) SICCEP

3) Environment, Science and Society: a Philosophical Introduction (14h) SICCEP

4) Law, Policy and Economics on Climate Change (14h) SICCEP

5) Introduction to Chinese Intellectual Property Law and Technology Transfer (20h) IP-CHINA

6) European American and Chinese Approaches to Intellectual Property Rights and  Competition Policy (20h) IP-CHINA

Then there will be also other courses on IP law taught in the afternoon period based on the number of students that enroll with seminars developed to favor the interaction among the participants and professors, as well as cooperation amongst students of different nationalities.

In addition to traditional lectures, all summer schools provide a number ofpresentations and round tables involving experts of Chinese law, politics and culture, environment, sustainable development and intellectual property as well as experts in the specific themes covered by the different classes (for a complete list of the events held during the Summer School Edition 2011, please see below in this page). The participants will attend at least 60 hours par curriculum (for a total amount of 120 hours for both curricula).

A part from the lectures and formal classes, during the 2010 and 2011 editions held in Beijing, the following provided contributions to the program: Officials of the State Copyright Agency and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce of China; Officials from the Trade & Commercial Office of the Italian Embassy in Beijing; Italian Institute of Culture in Beijing, Chiomenti Law Firm in Beijing, Franzosi dal Negro Pensato Setti, Attorneys at Law, Beijing; Intesa San Paolo, Chief Representantive Beijing; IPR Desk in Beijing (Italian Trade Commission Beijing Branch); Officials of the European Union Delegation in Beijing; Officials from the European Commission IPR2 program; Secretary, Low Carbon Growth, British Embassy Beijing; PRC State Administration for Industry & Commerce (AIC); ORBEO China (subsidiary of Société Générale Corporate & Investment Banking Commodities  and Rhodia Energy Services), Baker & McKenzie Law Firm (Beijing Office).

The participants of the previous edition 2011 came from Italy, Spain, China, Canada, Ivory Coast Ethiopia, Nigeria, Liberia, Botswana, Uganda, Rwanda, Pakistan, Comores, Togo, Central African Republic, Mali, Sri Lanka

The deadline to apply is scheduled on May 25, 2012

For further information please visit the webpage:

http://summerschoolchina.wordpress.com/ 

Queries can be addressed to : summerlawinstitutesuzhou@unimi.it

Date:        Tuesday, April 24, 2012, 7:30-9:15 pm. Location:   Bridge Café, Wudaokou
Speaker:   Prof. GUI Yongtao, Peking University

Short Bio: Associate Professor at the School of International Studies of Peking University. Research focus on politics and international relations in East Asia. Educated in Waseda University and Peking University (PhD double degree program).

Speech: Sino-Japanese relations have a long history. It is certainly a difficult relationship, mostly due to the Second World War. Whereas this surely still plays a role in explaining the mutual attitudes of Chinese and Japanese people and governments, Prof. Gui’s core message was that Sino-Japanese relations have undergone tremendous change due to the rise of China in world politics, especially the speed thereof. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, scholars and commentators first predicted the ‘collapse of China’ as part of the communist world. With the increasing economic and political importance of China, this prediction changed into a ‘China threat theory’. However, not just the US but also Japan felt a need to constructively engage with China, not least because China is now the biggest trading partner of Japan. This has led to a period of ‘strategic opportunity’ for China, especially in the 2000s.

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Nevertheless, Prof. Gui explained that Japan is still uneasy about China’s increasing role in the world. International relations commentators, such as Robert D. Kaplan, predict a resistance of Chinese influence in East Asia, for instance by deepening relations with countries such as India or Vietnam. The reasons are mainly to be found in the mutual mistrust of the two states, notably at three levels: public opinion, domestic politics, and strategic environment. The latter is closely related to US-American relations with Japan and the role of the US in the Asia-Pacific region. When it comes to public opinion, Prof. Gui presented surprising results, such as that the Chinese view of Japan is actually more positive than vice-versa. Also the view of China in Japan was quite positive in the 80s and 90s and has only seen a sharp decline since 2003, mainly in connection with a debate about China taking over Japan’s place as ‘No. 1 in Asia’.

Still, the QnA after the speech focused on the critical public opinion in China about Japan and how to solve the resulting tensions. The length of the event, notably the QnA, underlines the vivid interest of the public in Sino-Japanese relations. We had to cut the QnA short with still many questions unanswered, since we had already used over 90 min of time.

Participants continued the debate during a very successful after-party at EATalia, where also a lot of new faces – people we had invited before the start of the speech – accompanied us.

 

     After exploring of Ancient China’s history and religion cultural for the Networking event in northwestern China, Xi’an and Dunhuang last November, the last networking for STF 2nd intake fellows was held in South China from 12th to 14th March 2012 on the campuses of Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou and Zhuhai.

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This networking event was started with the internal meeting of STF2 fellows on the morning of 12th March. STF2 fellows Christine Howard and Francesca Valsecchi were invited to give presentations during the first session of the internal meeting. Their presentations were well received by the other fellows. Alexandra Lehmann, attaché of the cooperation session of the EU Delegation to China and David Evans, the HRD Expert of STF office co-hosted the second session of the internal meeting.

With the great support from the Sun Yet-sen university, STF2 fellows were divided into four groups to visit one of four academic institutes or labs in the afternoon: the School of Physics and Engineering, including a visit to the State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies; the School of Geography and Planning; the School of Life Science, including a visit to the State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol; the School of Sociology and Anthropology, including visits to the Laboratory of Social Work and the Anthropology Museum. The subsequent formal networking event was chaired by David Evans, starting with an introduction to the STF Programme by Clemens Smolders, lead expert of STF programme. Following Mr. Smolders’ opening speech, Prof. Bao Jigang, the Assistant President of Sun Yat-sen University represented the university to give a welcome speech and showed his hopes for future cooperation. Ms. Alexandra Lehmann, attaché of the EU Delegation to China replied on behalf of the EUD, thanking Prof. Bao and all his colleagues for their warm welcome and support of the event. Prof. Xu Honggang, Associate Dean of the School of Tourism Management of the University gave a keynote Lecture on “Working with Foreign Researchers in Europe and China” in the following session. After the formal part of the meeting, the attendees were invited to a Networking Reception and Buffet Dinner. The whole day event was finished in a pleasant atmosphere.

  Before the visits on 13th March, Prof. May-bo Ching was invited to give a lecture on the morning of the day titled: “Canton Trade Era”: A prehistory of colonial Hong Kong and Revolutionary china”. Prof. Ching’s lecture was a real tour de force and greatly enjoyed by all those present. After the lecture, STF fellows accompanied by six postgraduate students with knowledge of the history and geography of Guangzhou visited some historical sites in Guangzhou during the subsequent afternoon visits.

On the morning of 14th March, the fellows made the two-hour trip from Guangzhou to Zhuhai and visit the Sun Yat-sen University Zhuhai Campus, which includes its distinctive Main Teaching building-one of longest buildings in Asia under the guidance of Jan Specht, STF 2 fellow.

The lead expert of the STF programme and the S&T counselor of the Italian Embassy, Prof. Plinio Innocenzi met with the founding president SUSTC, Dr. Zhu Qingshi and Deputy Director Ms. Han Wei on 16 March at the temporary campus in Shenzhen. Though only having opened in April 2011, and with only 43 students currently enrolled, the plan is to enroll a further 150 undergraduates, a number of PhD students and post docs for the next academic year. Dr. Zhu said that he was confident that the university would provide the city of Shenzhen and the region with a top-notch research facility.
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The lead expert of the STF programme and the S&T counselor of the Italian Embassy, Prof. Plinio Innocenzi met with the founding president SUSTC, Dr. Zhu Qingshi and Deputy Director Ms. Han Wei on 16 March at the temporary campus in Shenzhen. Though only having opened in April 2011, and with only 43 students currently enrolled, the plan is to enroll a further 150 undergraduates, a number of PhD students and post docs for the next academic year. Dr. Zhu said that he was confident that the university would provide the city of Shenzhen and the region with a top-notch research facility.<!--break-->

He hopes that the university will attract high level researchers (he will be able to pay the same salary as professors at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology), and that collaborations with European research institutions will also happen in the future. Prof. Innocenzi mentioned that he would be happy to introduce SUSTC to Italian research institutions. It was a successful visit, and we look forward to see SUSTC grow quickly in the years to come, so that it will provide key people to companies in the Shenzhen region.

 

From left to right: lead expert STF, Prof. Innocenzi, Dr. Zhu Qingshi, Ms. Han Wei and Ms. Li Xu

 

From left to right: Ms. Li Xu, lead expert STF, Dr. Zu Qingshi, Prof. Innocenzi and Ms. Han Wei

 

 

 

To implement the strategy of invigorating the city through science and education, and carry out Changzhou Talent Program, by focusing on new energy, new materials, advanced equipment manufacturing, biotechnology and new medicine, environmental protection, soft ware and service outsourcing, networking and next-generation information technology and other emerging industries, Changzhou is about to make greater eff orts to bring in leading talents from home and abroad. Th e announcement on leading talents introduction of Changzhou Talent Program (2nd round) is as follows: (please find the details in the attachment to this article) 

This article is from China Daily, edition of WORLD on Feb. 20, 2012. 

 

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On 21st February 2012—the Chinese Dragon year, the first lecture of the ThinkIN China was given by Professor Pang Zhongying, the professor at the School of International Studies of Renmin University, as well as the director of the Center for the Study of Global Governance, on the topic of China’s role in the global governance. 

  

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First of all, Professor Pang (left photo) has pointed out the different understandings of the concepts of governance and government between Chinese and Westerners. The Western idea of governance is resisted by Chinese students, who always confuse about the difference of governance and government which is embraced in the West. For Chinese, they are the same. Consequently, the global governance popular in the Chinese academia is quite distinctive.

Then the professor talked about the issue of power in the global governance. The existing international governance is not so called “the global government”, but is governed by a group of big powers, such as US, Europe and some emerging countries, like China. The hegemony of US had been prevailing over the world before, such as the establishment of IMF and its super power in the global economy. But nowadays more and more players are participating in the global governance, which doesn’t mean more chaos or more disorders for Chinese and China should adapt its foreign policy adhering to the global governance.

Viewed from Chairman Mao’s “no diplomacy” as a weak country to Deng Xiaoping’s “Tao Guang Yang Hui” (such as non-interference, not-allying with others militarily, not-taking the lead), China’s diplomacy has been transformed dramatically. In the near past, China was just a participant in the global governance; but until now China’s role has been redefined by US as a stakeholder. China is quite willing to integrate into the world and active in grasping and sharing the leadership of the global governance with US, Europe and other big powers. Professor Pang came up with a very interesting question of the future role of China playing in the world, a reformist or revisionist or even a leader.

However, given the failure of Chinese performance in the world, such as the failure of the Chinese overseas investment, China has to play by rules which has been set by the West and taken advantage of by the rule-makers to govern the other countries, for example, China. At present, China is at a disadvantage in the global governance. So China is striving to influence and make the rules that can govern the world. During the interaction between China and the western powers, some principles and rules China strictly complies with have already been changed, such as the non-intervention principle. China has no intervention tradition and limited related histories, so this principle has been respected by China from the outset. But it has been altered by some exceptions. And it give rise to an open question: is China an emerging intervention force or not.

From Professor Pang’s view, China is learning from the other countries’ experiences of the global governance and trying hard to build its advantage in the global governance.

At last, it is the Q&A session. Professor Pang’s speech has spurred hot debates among the audience and lecturer on the future role of China in the global governance and the contribution to the world. 

This article is written by Jiang Wei (Ruby), Master Candidate, School of International Studies, Renmin University of China. Email: jiangweijf@gmail.com